CROSSBITE

Before After
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patients2_33 patients2_37

Normally, the upper teeth are in front of the lower teeth The upper two front teeth (incisors) are in anterior crossbite (behind) the lower teeth.

 

PROTRUSION

Before After
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patients2_54 patients2_56

The teeth are angled outward, “protruding” from the mouth. (More commonly called “buck teeth”). Sometimes, the protrusion is caused by the jaw bones ie. the the top jaw is too far forward of the bottom. There may be crowding, additionally. Depending on the severity, growth modification appliances, extractions, or surgery in adults may be required.

 

RETRUSION

Before After
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patients2_72 patients2_74

“Opposite of a protrusion… teeth are angled inward.”

 

EXTRA TOOTH (SUPERNUMERARY)

Before After
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patients2_91 patients2_93

Sometimes, extra tooth (arrow) may occur and causes the normal teeth to be in an incorrect alignment.